Malayalam is a member of the Dravidian language group spoken mostly on the southern and south-eastern parts of India, whereas as the majority of languages in northern and north-eastern India are part of the Indo-European language group.
Malayalam is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and is spoken mainly in the state of Kerala, in southwest India. In 2013 it was awarded Classical Language status.
Malayalam evolved from Tamil and its name “Malayalam” probably comes from the words “mala” and “emal” meaning “hill region”. The speakers of Malayalam are called Malyali.
Malayalam has the most number of letters of all languages spoken in India. The script contains a total of 578 characters that are made out of combining consonants, vowels and diacritics into syllabic characters. With the problems of printing Malayalam due in part to this, a simplified version of the script was created in the 1970s.
Interestingly, it is spelled the same forward as it is backward, making it one of the longest single-word palindromes in the English language.
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