Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language, which is in turn a member of the Indo-European language group. Other branches of the Indo-European language group include Celtic, Germanic and Balto-Slavic to name but a few.
Hindi is the Sanskritized register of the Hindustani language and the official language of India. With estimated 180-260 million speakers, it is the fourth most spoken language in the world. Interestingly, Hindi is also an official language of Fiji.
After independence, both Hindi grammar and orthography were standardized. Hindi literature can be divided into four styles: poems about brave warriors (11-14th century), devotional poems (14-18th century), poems about romance (18-20th century) and modern literature (from the 20th century onwards).
In India, Hindi is mutually intelligible with Urdu in spoken format only (Urdu is written from right-to-left in a different script, whereas Hindi is written from left-to-right). There has been some dispute as to whether Urdu and Hindi are actually two languages, or two dialects of one language, Hindustani.
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