Scottish Gaelic is a Celtic language native to Scotland which is relatively close to Irish. Speakers of the two languages can understand each other to some degree with a little patience and time. Gaelic also has small numbers of speakers in Canada.
In 2011 only 1.1% of the population of Scotland spoke Gaelic, mostly in the remote Outer Hebrides, but great efforts have been made to revive and maintain the language.
The Gaelic Language Act of 2005 established the Bòrd na Gàidhlig (Gaelic Language Board) to promote and secure the language and the decline in the number of speakers is starting to reverse. Many signs and names are now published in both Gaelic and English throughout Scotland.